Did you know that “Animal Farm” has a correlation with the Soviet Union? For instance, Mr. Phil Kington of Foxwood and Mr. Federick represent the leaders of England and Germany. Napoleon and Snowball each represent Joseph Stalin and Leon Frotsky. Mr. Jones represents the Kest-czar in Russia. With that being said, it is quite evident that conflict has a major part to do with “The Animal Farm”, whether it’s the fighting with the owner Mr. Jones, the constant fighting with the pigs and other animals, or within the pigs themselves.
The animals fighting with Mr. Jones have a major part with conflict in the story. Old Major, an award winning boar, brings the animals of the Manor Farm together for an assembly inside the big barn. He shares with them a dream he has had in which all animals live together with no human beings to dominate or control them. He states that the animals must work hard towards bringing such a paradise to reality, and teaches them a song called “Beasts of England,” in which his dream vision is lyrically described. The animals embrace Major’s vision with great passion. When he dies three nights after the meeting, three young pigs—Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer—bring his main principles together into a belief system called “Animalism”. Late one night, when Mr. Jones comes home intoxicated and neglects to feed the animals, the cows decide to break down the door and make their way to the food themselves. The animals manage to defeat the farmer Mr. Jones in a battle, running him off the land. They rename the property “Animal Farm” and dedicate themselves to making Major’s dream come to life. The stallion Boxer devotes himself to the cause with particular fervor, committing his great strength to the prosperity of t.
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. ventually, the seven main beliefs of Animalism, known as the “Seven Commandments” and carved onto the side of the barn, become reduced to a single principle reading “all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” Napoleon amuses a human farmer named Mr. Pilkington at a feast and declares his intention to ally himself with the human farmers against the laboring classes of both the human and animal societies. He also changes the name of Animal Farm back to the Manor Farm, claiming that this name is the “politically correct” one. Looking in at the party of elites through the farmhouse window, the common animals can no longer tell which ones are the pigs and which ones are the human beings.
A major portion of the novel has to do with the concept of conflict, whether it be external, internal, or whether it’s “man versus man” or “good versus evil.”
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Answered by jill d #170087 on 7/30/2012 5:22 PM
Animalism is the system of thought that Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer make using the ideas that Old Major outlined in his speech in Chapter 1. Another way to say that is that it is the philosophy or ideology that the revolution will be based on. You can read about Animalism in Chapter 2.
By the time the three pigs have thought about it for a few months, they boil the ideas of Animalism down to the Seven Commandments that are listed in Chapter 2.
If you look at the Seven Commandments, you can see that the principles of Animalism revolve around the idea that animals are superior to people and that people are the enemy. You can see that animals are supposed to refrain from behaving in ways that would make them seem human.
Answered by Neymar Jr on 3/12/2016 11:12 AM
Animalism is the system of thought that Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer make using the ideas that Old Major outlined in his speech in Chapter 1. You can read about Animalism in Chapter 2.
Animalism is the version of communism/socialism espoused by Old Major. Old Major describes a community where animals are in charge and not subordinate to humans. Another feature of animalism is that all animals are equal.By the time the pigs have thought about it for a few months, they gather the ideas of Animalism down to the Seven Commandments that are listed in Chapter 2.
If you look at the Seven Commandments, you can see that the principles of Animalism revolve around the idea that animals are superior to people and that people are the enemy.These are the basic tenets of animalism. They are intended to keep the animals from being corrupted by man, and to develop a society where all animals are equal.
Over time, animalism is corrupted. The pigs take control of the farm and lord over the other animals, and they slowly chip away at the tenets of animalism by changing the commandments until they are all gone and there is only one. You can see that animals are supposed to refrain from behaving in ways that would make them seem human.
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The Text can have mass appeal and at the same time address simple and complex issues. Discuss this statement with the reference to one print text.
"Every line I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism," quotes George Orwell in the preference to the 1956 signet classic edition of Animal Farm. It is in Animal Farm, lesser talked about for the author's social theories in 1984, that Orwell's criticism can be seen as well as Orwell's social theory, which can be seen through a careful reading of what the animals refer to as "Animalism". Animalism has it's faults and inaccuracies, but Orwrell's use of it is to put forth his own political and social doctrine based on remedying those faults. Such issues as propaganda, power, greed, corruption and knowledge are issues which can relate to masses of people as we are dealing with particular constitutions. Orwell puts his views across to capture mass appeal by using the issues he has expressed in his novel.
Mass Appeal occurs when an item has appealed to the majority of a group of people. George Orwell has used Animal Farm to show people his views on totalitarianism. Animal farm is basically about a communist government that started of giving all animals equal rights, then the greed of the leaders destroyed equality and saw them joining their initial enemies. As you can see we are in connection with particular constitutions, so the novel already deals with masses of people, but the way in which it has gained mass appeal is another story. Orwell has extensively used Animalism and this has given the novel two aspects to been seen from. Firstly it can be seen as a fairytale, or it can be seen as a novel attacking and criticizing the communist Russia and explaining the Russian Revolution. The way Animalism has been used, by giving people animal like qualities and relating their behaviors to animal like ones, has been a major factor. When we see the novel from this angle it straight away becomes a very serious justifying novel. This has been given the novel the mass appeal it rightly deserves.
Some of the more compelxed issues in this novel is the way the animals believe in religion. Old Major, sanctified by the animals after his talk, is the visionary the animals needed to lead them out of their state of nature. But old Major, who dies three days after his speech is not a prophet nor is he representative of the nature of religion in Orwell's view of the state, only as the visionary philosopher responsible for perpetuating social change. It is Moses, the lone animal who slept through the speech, that represents religion. Though his name alone invokes an underlying religious meaning, when we look at the character and his interactions with the animals do we see his role as representative of the Church. Moses does no work; he only sits on a pole and tells tales of a mysterious country called Sugarland Mountain, where all animals go when they die. Moses is a tool of the state. Feeding off crusts of bread soaked in beer left by Mr. Jones, Moses is his especial pet, feeding lies and stories to the animals to give them something to live for. After old Major's speech was heard by the animals and his school of thought, began to spread across the farm, only Moses was too stubborn to listen or pay any attention. Interestingly, after the animals successfully revolt, Moses disappears, only to return a little while later, after Napoleon, the eventual totalitarian leader of the animals, uses him as a tool just as Mr. Jones did. He begins to tell his stories again and gets paid in beer, just as he did before with the animals' leader. Orwell believed religion would not fade away after revolution because there would always be a people hard on their luck and looking for answers to questions and places they can go after they die where life is easier. Orwell believed in a society that would always have a class of people who would always turn to religion.
Orwell believed that a nation would always exist where there are people, thereby allowing for nationalism, just like religion, would fade away after the Revolution. The Revolution in Animal Farm, clearly based on the Russian Revolution, did not keep nationalism from disappearing, a point Orwell makes clear early on. The animals, after revolting, are so proud of their newly formed state, that they take a green tablecloth and paint a white hoof and a horn on it similar to the hammer and sickle of the former Soviet Union. It is a flag that flies over the newly-named Animal Farm and at whose base lies a gun taken from a helper of Mr. Jones and later, the disinterred skull of the old Major.
Looking deeper at Animal Farm, we can see that Orwell's criticism through Animalism goes way beyond religion and the nationalism to revolution and the nature of man. The gun that sits at the foot of the flagstaff, besides being a reminder of the Battle of Cowshed, it is also a criticism on the method behind the Rebellion, thereby a criticism on Trotsky's methods of revolution as well. Whereas old Major's Animalism preached revolution through working "day and night, body and soul, for the overthrow of the human race", the animals revolted with war and bloodshed, symbolized by the gun and the war cry of Snowball (Trotsky) at The Battle of Cowshed. A serious objection by Orwell on Trotskyism is their conviction of Socialism's victory by any means necessary. Though hard-working proletarian Boxer, after a subsequent attempt at taking over the farm by the humans, says, "I have no wish to take life, not even human life", his damage has already been done, having killed a man. Boxer, representative of the anti-capitalistic Boxer Rebellion of 1900 in China, may speak of pacifism, but his words are coming from the mouth of a horse who has killed. To Orwell, Socialism through warring was just as decadent as what Socialism was supposed to overthrow capitalism. Orwell did not want war because it would put Socialism on the same scale as its enemy because, as Vladimir Lenin wrote, capitalism led to war not Socialism.
Although throughout to novel we can see all these animals are very different, they all shared one common trait. They were all weak. They all let Napoleon take over without much resistance. Just like Stalin took over Russia. These animals were too weak, too scared, or just lacked the intelligence required to do something about it. This is where it is the fault of the people. They should have stood up to Napoleon for what they fought for in the first place. The people must stand up to those who would destroy the system or else all is lost. I think that this story was a good representation of the actual Russian Revolution. But it is even more than that. It shows how people can let certain individuals get away with anything just because they do not feel like standing up to them. If you tried, this story could also be compared to other times in history when the people let dictatorships form in their own country.
As you can see, George Orwell has successfully addressed simple and compelxed issues and gained mass appeal through the writing of animal farm. This novel is a great text that we can relate to many situations, I enjoyed this book a lot but I do not think that it should be just compared to the Russian Revolution, it has a much broader scope. Successful Animalism is the political and social doctrine George Orwell waited years to write.
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The basic ideas Old Major passes on in his first speech are that humans are the enemy because they overwork the animals and treat them badly. He says all animals should cooperate to overthrow the humans. He teaches that all animals are equal, even the wild creatures like rats and rabbits, and that they should all protect each other as friends. All humans are enemies. He warns the animals never to live in houses, sleep in beds, wear clothes, drink alcohol, smoke tobacco, touch money or engage in trade - these are all the evil habits of humans. Particularly, no animal must ever try to exert power over another animal - strong or weak, they are all brothers. As a symbol of Animalism and its ideas, he teaches them the song, Beasts of England.
Snowball, Napoleon and Squealer are the ones who develop Old Major's ideas into a complete system of thought and name it Animalism.
They determine specific principles that they can then teach to the other animals.
The pigs then reduce the principles of Animalism to seven basic commandments. These include that animals are equal, all animals are friends and all humans are enemies, and that animals should not wear clothes, sleep in a bed, drink alcohol or kill any other animal.
The Seven Commandments omit some of Old Major's original warnings, such as that animals should not touch money or engage in trade.
Although all the animals are equal, the pigs take over the leadership with the very first harvest - it is seen as natural that because they know more they should direct and supervise the others.
The Seven Commandments are then reduced to just one principle, which is written in bigger letters above the others - Four Legs Good, Two Legs Bad. Snowball.Citation styles:
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