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Body Image History Essay Questions

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History Essay - How To Answer A Historical Question

A history essay is supposed to answer questions about an event that took place ages ago. Historians through the years have meticulously recorded historical events to present information on what transpired during the period. In many cases through, beliefs existing at the time, methods used to describe the event, and pressure to glorify an event existed and is not uncommon when we go through records. It is imperative that we answer questions thoroughly backed by solid research using authentic sources.

The topic is important and should answer queries readers might have about an event. Not all events can be substantiated with recorded evidence. Do not go by folklore or hearsay. Most likely, the information you gather would be opinions which would have changed through the years through distorted repetition. As a historian, one is curious to find out more about new events. This is quite normal and should be encouraged. The research though has to be meticulous and could take a pretty long time before all the information is gathered. It would not be practical to write a historical essay on a new topic like this on account of time constraints.

When you have decided on a topic, prepare an essay outline and introduce it with a compelling statement in the introduction. This would be the thesis statement that directly answers a question posed for the benefit of readers. You then substantiate your opinion through the body of the essay with historical evidence. You could have support statements in the form of points distributed into separate paragraphs and then substantiate each point with valid evidence.

Historical facts are recorded and substantiated through years of hard work. When writing a history dissertation. spend a considerable amount of time researching about the topic. You cannot afford to fit loose ends together at the end of a term. Each and every bit of information should be gathered first from standard text books, then from the school or college library, and finally online government or authentic websites. If you find it tedious to compile a whole dissertation, hire a good writer who is part of a team in a reputed company providing content services. Assign a sub topic which is part of your history coursework and check out the quality. If satisfied, you can assign further work based on your needs.

Concise and brief statements would make better reading than long opinionated statements. Having opinions should be avoided, especially if it is not backed by solid historical evidence. If there is more than one version of an event, you could choose to make your own rational opinion. In any case, loads of information to elaborate a single point should be avoided. The notes you take down in class would help in forming the right sentence structure.

In the conclusion of the essay, just reiterate the point you are making or conclude with a final paragraph about the thesis statement. Try and imagine how you proved your point and state it differently in the conclusion. Avoid deviating from the topic by posing questions at this stage. A compelling introduction entices readers, while a strong conclusion satisfies them. A descriptive essay can be interesting if it is broken down into logical segments, each highlighting the thesis statement. Answer all questions you feel readers might have in their minds, and you would have written an informative and interesting history essay.

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Essay Questions

Essay Questions Short Essay
  1. In what ways has the essentialism versus social constructionism debate shaped the field of the history of sexuality?
  2. Is the concept of reproduction useful for comprehending the global history of sexuality and the body?
  3. Discuss the relationship between cultural history and the study of gender. Your analysis must touch on at least three of the following genres of historical scholarship: biography, oral history, history of medicine (or science), history of empire (or colonialism), feminist history, and queer history.
  4. The twentieth century was a period of global convergence in the history of sexuality. Discuss.
  5. Have the feminist movement and the gay and lesbian movement shared the same political agendas?

The short essay (2,500 words) must be submitted at the beginning of class on Wednesday, February 10, 2016 .

Long Essay
  1. What does it mean to queer history?
  2. Have the social configurations of gender diversified over time?
  3. Is the history of sexuality a narrative of increasing sexual liberation?
  4. What is global about the global history of embodiment?
  5. Modernity entails the social construction of gender, sexuality, and the body. Discuss.
  6. What role has geopolitics played in the periodization of gender and sexual history?
  7. Has there been a global sexual revolution?
  8. In what ways is “colonial encounter” a valuable lens for studying the global history of gender, sexuality, and the body?
  9. Do new interpretive perspectives follow from treating “transgender” as a category of historical analysis?
  10. Gender, sexuality, and the body are mutually imbricated categories of historical analysis. Discuss.

Students who wish to write on a topic of their own choosing should consult with the module tutor as early as possible.

The long essay (4,500 words) should be submitted both electronically and in hardcopy form to the secretaries in room H342 (not to seminar tutors) by noon on Thursday, April 28, 2016 .

Tel: +44(0) 24 76 522080
For Undergraduate queries: HistoryOffice@warwick.ac.uk
For Postgraduate queries: PGHistoryOffice@warwick.ac.uk
Department of History, University of Warwick,
Humanities Building, University Road,
Coventry, CV4 7AL

10 Great Articles and Essays about Body Image - The Electric Typewriter

The Female Body

Beautiful mental snapshots, stunningly crafted by a master essayist

The camera was finicky, the exposures depended on no motion, like just stop breathing, he said looking at the playback

The hottest girl in the room isn’t necessarily who you think

I was boyish. I wanted desperately not to be that way, not to be a mixture of both things, but instead just one, a girl. As soft and as pink as a nursery. And nothing would do that for me, I felt, but breasts.

A Thin Line between Mother and Daughter
by Jennifer Egan

How attitudes to the body are passed down through generations

Hello, Fellow Gym-Goers, Look at My Fat Butt
by Lindy West

As a fat person, going to the gym means entering a building where you know that every person inside is working toward the singular goal of not becoming you.

This is my body. It is MINE. I am not ashamed of it in any way. In fact, I love everything about it. Men find it attractive. Clothes look awesome on it. My brain rides around in it all day and comes up with funny jokes.

A great piece of memoir exploring the development of the author’s troubled sexuality

The perfectly rounded breast is to L.A. what big hair is to Dallas. More than palm trees or surfboards or stars on Hollywood Boulevard, the breast has become this city’s icon.

If one more person tells me the difference between a vagina and a vulva I’m going to start calling both of them “inside-out-dong-sock.”

Some blindingly obvious, yet apparently necessary advice

Designer vagina surgeries and the questionable motives of the doctors who perform them.

Has Pubic Hair in America Gone Extinct?

Flannery O - Connor - s Stories Essay Questions

Flannery O'Connor's Stories Essay Questions

Choose one story in which a mother is present. How is her importance demonstrated?

Answer. In "A Good Man Is Hard to Find," The Grandmother is the most important mother, since in her moment of Grace she realizes that The Misfit, who is about to kill her, could be one of her own children. In "The Life You Save May Be Your Own," the elder Lucynell Crater dominates her daughter's life and dooms her by convincing Mr. Shiftlet to marry her. In "Good Country People," Mrs. Hopewell's conviction that Manley is just a good country person is a misjudgment. She also suffocates her daughter, Hulga, and does not appreciate Hulga's education. In "The Enduring Chill" and "Everything That Rises Must Converge," Asbury and Julian blame their mothers for their misfortune and take it out on their mothers with rudeness and disrespect. Julian realizes where he has gone wrong at the end of the story when his mother has a stroke.

Racism is an important theme in many of the stories. Choose one story in which is is relevant and explain how it affects the characters' lives.

Answer. In "The Displaced Person," Mrs. Shortley is racist toward Europeans, and is suspicious of the Guizacs for this reason. Mrs. McIntyre decides to do away with Mr. Guizac because he is trying to organize a marriage between his white cousin and Sulk, a black farmhand, even though her financial success will be negatively affected by his departure. Racism is important in "The Artificial Nigger;" though neither Mr. Head nor Nelson feels explicit hatred toward the black people they encounter, they certainly view them as Others and are nervous around them. A level of racism is apparent in Asbury’s interactions with Randall and Morgan in "The Enduring Chill," although he doesn’t believe himself to be racist. The very idea that he would be writing a play about “The Negro” is, of course, racist. Last year when he was writing the play, he had spent time with them on the job, and they had bonded over breaking one of his mother’s rules by smoking in the barn. In "Everything That Rises Must Converge," Julian’s mother is clearly racist. She is afraid of the black people who board the bus, and of black people in general, even saying aloud that they would be better off if they had remained slaves. This results in her demise, as she has a stroke after the black woman knocks her down.

Choose one story and explain how weather is used as an indicator of the characters' moods and intentions.

Answer. For example, in "The Life You Save May Be Your Own," weather is an important indicator of characters' moods and important moments. As Tom Shiftlet drives off with the younger Lucynell Crater in the car, supposedly to go on a honeymoon, "The early afternoon was clear and open and surrounded by pale blue sky;" he still has a chance to redeem himself. But after he abandons her at The Hot Spot, he has lost his chance at salvation, and the significance of this moment is enforced by the weather: "Deep in the sky a storm was preparing very slowly and without thunder as if it meant to drain every drop of air from the earth before it broke." After the hitchhiking boy has thrown himself out the passenger door, all is really lost for Tom Shiftlet, and "there was a guffawing peal of thunder from behind and fantastic raindrops, like tin-can tops, crashed over the rear of Mr. Shiftlet's car." The intensity of the weather is increased by its personification throughout the story. When Tom Shiftlet approaches the house of the Lucynell Craters at the beginning of the story, he leans to the side "as if the breeze were pushing him," with his face turned toward the sun "which appeared to be balancing itself on the peak of a small mountain." As Tom Shiftlet drives along slowly after the boy in the overalls has leapt from his car, "A cloud, the exact color of the boy's hat and shaped like a turnip, had descended over the sun, and another, worse looking, crouched behind the car."

Choose an example of a character whose glorification of a past time is a major identifying factor. Explain how this preoccupation affects the action of the story.

Answer. For example, the glorification of the past is prevalent in "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" in the character of The Grandmother, who expresses nostalgia for the way things used to be in the South. Her mistake about the "old plantation that she had visited in this neighborhood once when she was a young lady" leads to the demise of the whole family when they get in a car accident while driving down the dirt driveway. Before she realizes that the plantation is actually not in Georgia but in Tennessee, she remembers "the times when there were no paved roads and thirty miles was a day's journey," imagining the beautiful scene she believes they will soon find.

Explain how the symbols of the sky and sun represents an openness to faith in Christ in two of the stories.

Answer. The sky represents an openness to faith in "The River." As Bevel preaches in the river, his eyes follow the paths of two birds. They eventually settle "in the top of the highest pine and sat hunch-shouldered as if they were supporting the sky." When Harry tells the preacher that his name is also Bevel, jokingly, the preacher's face is "rigid and his narrow gray eyes reflected the almost colorless sky," in this moment before Harry's baptism. But when he is displeased, after Harry tells him that his mother is in fact only suffering from a hangover, "the sky appeared to darken in his eyes." As Harry runs into the river to drown himself, "The sky was a clear pale blue, all in one piece - except for the hole the sun made - and fringed around the bottom with treetops." Here, the sky represents Harry's mentality: he is focused and determined, and the only thought in his mind is faith, represented by the sun.

The sun is a symbol of Catholic faith in "A Temple of the Holy Ghost," and its intensity mirrors the characters' embodiment of that faith. After Wendell sings to the girls, they use the Latin songs they have practiced at school to make him and Cory feel confused and embarrassed; accordingly, "The sun was going down and the sky was turning a bruised violet color." After the child has achieved Grace in the chapel of the convent school, during the drive home, "The sun was a huge red ball like an elevated Host drenched in blood and when it sank out of sight, it left a line in the sky like a red clay road hanging over the trees." The Host, which Catholics like O'Connor believe is literally transformed into the body of Christ, is also linked to the hermaphrodite's body when the child thinks of the "freak" during the mass ceremony.

Many characters in O'Connor's stories demonstrate a disgust with the state of the world. Elaborate on this tool of characterization as it applies to three characters.

Answer. In "A Good Man Is Hard to Find," disgust with the world is evident in Red Sammy Butts' conversation with The Grandmother. The Grandmother states that, "It isn't a soul in this green world of God's that you can trust." This belief contradicts her Christian faith, of course.

In "The Life You Save May Be Your Own," Tom Shiftlet is disenchanted with the state of the world. After the elder Lucynell Crater tells him that her car no longer runs, he says, "Nothing is like it used to be, lady. The world is almost rotten." Later, when he is fixing the car, he comments that "the trouble with the world was that nobody cared, or stopped and took any trouble." By the end of the story, after he has abandoned the younger Lucynell Crater and caused the hitchhiking boy to jump out of his car, he "felt that the rottenness of the world was about to engulf him."

The title of the story “Good Country People” refers to Mrs. Hopewell’s judgments of people whom she believes she can trust. These people are distinct from the majority of the world, since “in this day and age, you get good country people, you had better hang onto them. She had had plenty of experience with trash.”

In "Everything That Rises Must Converge," Julian’s mother complains about the state of the world. Out of nowhere, while they are discussing her hat, she says, “With the world in the mess it’s in, it’s a wonder we can enjoy anything. I tell you, the bottom rail is on the top.” This is a reference to racial integration, which she sees as disempowering to white families like theirs. Aboard the bus, before any black people are on it, she says to another white woman about integration, “The world is in a mess everywhere. I don’t know how we’ve let it get in this fix.”

Many of Flannery O'Connor's protagonists are deformed or suffer from disabilities. Choose one of the characters and describe how he or she becomes defined by the deformity or disability.

Answer. In “Good Country People,” Hulga used to be insecure about her wooden leg, but she has come to value it and to keep it sacred. She almost worships it in place of God, since she has no faith. This ends up leading to her betrayal by Manley. Mrs. Freeman relishes hearing about deformities, and Hulga has heard Mrs. Hopewell relating to her the details of the hunting accident that cost Hulga her leg. Rufus Johnson has a club foot in "The Lame Shall Enter First," and protects it much in the same way that Hulga protects her artificial leg. He refuses to wear the special corrective shoe that Sheppard buys for him, because he identifies himself by his club foot.

Eyes are an important symbol in many of O'Connor's stories. Choose a story in which they are described as violent and explain how this is effective.

[Answer]: For example, eyes are often violent in "The Enduring Chill." When Mary George tells Asbury that if she looked as bad as he does she would go to the hospital, “Her mother cut her eyes sharply at her and she left.” As Doctor Block examines Asbury for the first time, his “drill-like gaze swung over [his mouth] and bore down.” Similarly, when Doctor Block has reported that he is suffering from undulant fever and will not die, “Block’s gaze seemed to reach down like a steel pin and hold whatever it was until the life was out of it.” When Father Finn chastises Asbury for being ignorant of the Holy Ghost, Asbury “moved his arms and legs helplessly as if he were pinned to the bed by the terrible eye” through which the priest sees. Since the story is told from Asbury's perspective, the reader gets the impression that Asbury only interprets these gazes from the doctor and the priest as violent. In reality, the men want to help him, but he is scared of them and aggressive toward them.

In "The Displaced Person," how is violent imagery associated with language used to enforce the characters' racism?

Answer. In "The Displaced Person," Mrs. Shortley's fear of the Guizac family manifests as an imaginary battle between the Polish language and the English language: "She began to imagine a war of words, to see the Polish words and the English words coming at each other, stalking forward, not sentences, just words, gabble gabble gabble, flung out high and shrill and stalking forward and then grappling with each other." When Mrs. McIntyre yells at Father Flynn in Part III, "her voice fell across his brogue like a drill into a mechanical saw." As Father Flynn preaches to her, Mrs. McIntyre does not listen, but rather waits for "an opportunity to drive a wedge into his talk." The mention of Father Flynn's "brogue" identifies him as originating in Ireland and thus as being different from Mrs. McIntyre.

Grace is one of the most important themes in O'Connor's stories. Choose a story in which Grace plays an important role and describe how it is symbolized.

Answer. Rather than accepting Grace, Asbury has been worshiping Art as a god instead in "The Enduring Chill." He realizes this when he overhears Mary George say that he has decided to be an invalid because he cannot be an artist, thinking, “He had failed his god, Art, but he had been a faithful servant and Art was sending him Death.” When Father Finn instructs him to pray, he responds, “The artist prays by creating.” The stain on Asbury’s bedroom ceiling can be interpreted as representing the Holy Ghost. It appears to him as a “fierce bird with spread wings. It had an icicle crosswise in its beak.” Since he has closed himself off to faith, he finds it irritating and sometimes frightening. After Father Finn leaves, having instructed him about the Holy Ghost, Asbury “looked at the fierce bird with the icicle in its beak and felt that it was there for some purpose that he could not divine.” When he realizes that he is doomed to a long life suffering from undulant fever, “the fierce bird which through the years of his childhood and the days of his illness had been poised over his head, waiting mysteriously, appeared all at once to be in motion.” It descends toward him, since he is doomed to suffer for his refusal to open his mind to Grace.

How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/flannery-oconnors-stories/study-guide/essay-questions in MLA Format

Joyce, Meghan. Chazelle, Damien ed. "Flannery O'Connor’s Stories Essay Questions". GradeSaver, 12 July 2010 Web. Cite this page

Essay on Fashion Magazines and Body Image - Research Term Papers

Essay on Fashion Magazines and Body Image

Fashion Magazines and Body Image


Research indicates that exposure to thin ideal images in women's magazines is associated with heightened concerns for body shape and size in a number of young women, although the media's role in the psychopathology of body image disturbance is generally believed to be mediated by personality and socio-cultural factors. The purpose of this research study is to know and gather solid facts and reasons about fashion magazines affecting the teenagers’ body image in a form of research to self evaluation through careful accumulation of acceptable data and relevant resources for such data to be precise and spontaneous in its respected details to support results.

Few studies have explored mediating processes through which media exposure and use contribute to development and perpetuation of eating-disordered cognitions. The other purpose of this study was to test a structural equation model that incorporates several mediating processes through which women's beauty, fashion, health, and fitness magazines might influence the fear of being fat. This study complements previous models by exploring the potential direct and indirect effects of two additional mediating influences: "hope" and the internalized belief that men expect women to be thin.

The emergence of the slender body type as a beauty standard for women is especially salient in the mass media, and several researchers have demonstrated how the female body depicted in the media has become increasingly thin (Garner, Garfinkel, Schwartz, & Thompson, 1980; Ogletree, Williams, Raffeld, Mason, & Fricke, 1990; Silverstein, Perdue, Peterson, & Kelly, 1986; Wiseman, Gray, Mosimann, & Ahrens.


. middle of paper.

Jakobsson et al. "Establishing a Swedish Instrument," 136.

Snyder et al. "The Will and the Ways," 581-83; Westburg, "Hope and Humor," 1015.

Louis. A. Gottschalk, "Hope and Other Deterrents to Illness," America Journal of Psychotherapy 39 (October 1985): 515-25; Scioli et al. "A Prospective Study of Hope," 729-33; Snyder et al. "The Will and the Ways," 581-83.

Judith Fitzgerald Miller, "Hope," American Journal of Nursing (January/February 1985): 23.

Scioli et al. "A Prospective Study of Hope," 724-25.

Jokes Hermes, Reading Women's Magazines (Cambridge, UK: Polity, 1995), 29-65.

McCracken, Decoding Women's Magazines: From Mademoiselle to Ms. (NY: St. Martin Press), 135-72.

M. Ferguson, Forever Feminine: Women's Magazines and the Cult of Femininity (London: Heinemann); McCracken, Decoding Women's

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